We all are familiar with the term interior designing; yes it’s all about decorating your home in a way that it looks more appealing, scrutinized and builds a good environment around. But there are certain terms an interior designer or decorator uses frequently. They are some essential elements of interior designing which are used in all types of interior designing techniques.
You need to know them to understand basic principles of interior designing because in this way you can understand exactly what your designer wants to discuss about your house. After all, you are spending a huge amount on your dream home, office or project. Isn’t it?
Though these terms may sound complicated when you listen for the first time, but surely after reading this article you will find it easy.
So Let’s Begin.
First of all let’s know, how many interior designing elements we are going to decode. Any guesses?
Well, Answer is seven. Sounds interesting, yeah I knew this. 🙂
It’s the most important element. Why? Because it’s the base of your interior designing plan. Space that is occupied or utilized with furniture, décor items or other things is known as positive space. On the other hand, the unused space or empty space is often called as negative space. You need to maintain a balance between these two. Don’t worry, your interior designer will help you with this.Another thing, you need to consider while talking about space is its types. In general, Space is divided into two categories- two dimensional and three dimensional. Two dimensional is all about length and width(mainly about floor area) and Three dimensional is about length, width, and height. In other words, you can say it’s about the overall area of your room. Your actual living space where you will apply the concept of positive and negative space.
Lines are another important element of interior designing as it will play a major role in other factors like forms and shapes too. This will help in guiding our eyes for visual appearance. If talking broadly, three categories of lines are horizontal lines, vertical lines, and dynamic lines.Horizontal line helps in bringing attention to the wider or shorter look of space, usually found in furniture like tables, chairs, etc. The vertical line comes into play when there is a need to add phenomenon of height or spacious look. Tall furniture, columns, and pillars are its best-described examples. Dynamic lines include all those curved, zig-zag or diagonal lines. You need to be careful experimenting with these types of lines as overdoing can be distracting and suspicious for ruining the entire look.Many other characteristics of the line also need to be understood in detail like length, width, thickness, direction, etc because each of them reflexes different criteria’s. With this basic knowledge, now you are able to discuss about lines with your designer.
Forms refer to shapes but in three-dimensional space. These can be organic or geometric. Even you can merge two or more shapes to dwell something new. Organic forms are one which originates in nature and geometric reflects ideas of a square, triangle, and others.In addition to organic and geometric, two more terms are used to describe forms namely open form and closed form. Open forms are the one you can see through like murals in general. Closed forms are enclosed by a closed surface or you can say, they are self-contained.
Without light, there is no significance of other elements. As you might know, anything is visible only if it reflects light. It is the main element to explore the beauty of any color, texture, shape or form. Natural light is important so you should concern about it and windows and doors can prove to be a great source.On the other hand, we can classify man-made light into three types. For doing specific tasks, you can use the first type of lighting-Task lighting. Table lamps, Bed lamps fall under this category. The second type is Accent lightning, it brings special attention to something you want to showcase. The third type is a mood or ambient lighting, it reduces the darkness of negative spaces. It is a wide source and targets every part of the room rather than a particular thing or object.
Colors will accentuate your attention without additional efforts. Therefore, you can say colors are basically used for pleasing mood, for relaxing mind. Choosing the right colors are really important because it changes the whole look of your space. We all know colors are broken down as primary, secondary and tertiary colors.You can experiment with different colors by changing intensity, hue or value. Intensity refers to brightness or dullness. Hue is the dominant color or you can say the base color and the term value is related to it. You can make a color dark or light by changing the value of the hue.
Texture gives you an idea that how a surface looks and tells details about the appearance of the surface. It has two classifications-actual texture and visual texture. Actual texture refers to both appearance and feel of touch. It describes how a surface looks and gives a three-dimensional experience of surface.On the contrary, Visual texture implies to the texture which you can only see but it can’t be felt in actual. It just gives an illusion of a three-dimensional surface.
Patterns can be created by different colors or different shapes. They add enthusiasm, excitement, and fun into life along with enhancing scenic beauty in interior designing.You can use repetitive patterns, geometric patterns, regular or irregular whatever you like. Usually, patterns give a sense of continuity. You can commonly find patterns on wallpapers, decorating walls with paints, fabrics like pillow covers, bed-sheets, and many other decorating accessories.
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A human being, who believes in growing better every day. I write about anything and everything that captures my attention. Always on the hunt for the best information or content to share. In my leisure time, you will find me playing chess or reading quotes.